What is the Internet of Things?

The internet of things connects the physical world with the world of information through the web. They do so through TCP/IP, the set of standards that enables network connections and specifies how information finds its way to and from myriad connections it contains. TCP/IP was formulated in the 1970s by Vinton Cerf and Robert E. Kahn. The advent of TCP/IP v6, launched in 2006, added enormous new addressing capabilities to the internet, and enabled objects and the information they might carry in attached sensors or devices to be addressable and searchable across the web. This expanded address space is particularly useful for tracking objects that monitor sensitive equipment or materials, point-of-sale purchases, passport tracking, inventory management, identification, and similar applications. Embedded chips, sensors, or tiny processors attached to an object allow helpful information about the object, such as cost, age, temperature, color, pressure, or humidity to be transmitted over the internet. This simple connection allows remote management, status monitoring, tracking, and alerts if the objects they are attached to are in danger of being damaged or spoiled. Traditional web tools allow objects to be annotated with descriptions, photographs, and connections to other objects, and any other contextual information.

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(1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?

  • - MarwinBritto MarwinBritto Aug 9, 2016 Although use in libraries is limited to date, there is clearly potential to harness IoT (Internet of Things) in a variety of ways including providing access to digital and print collections, signaling the availability of facilities and resources, marketing, promotion, storage, cultural activities and events (see http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1108/LHT-10-2015-0100) I think that digital collections are what libraries will be made of in 5 more years. Saving trees and limiting the hard printing of anything to sit on a shelf should cause libraries to consider themselves a new maker space. (- rneuron rneuron Sep 27, 2016)
  • As everything connects to and talks to everything, it will help reveal patterns that can enable individualized learning as well as the predictive weights of each, if in fact the relationships can be analyzed in a valid way, especially if such patterns can be reliably linked to demographic or personality data. The danger, of course, is that all this may seem intrusive.- deone.zell deone.zell Sep 4, 2016
  • Amen to that. We must ensure that the right data is used in the right way for the right reasons. - damian.mcdonald damian.mcdonald Sep 16, 2016 It is likely that IoT will generate a tremendous amount of data that can foster learning and will help us better understand learning behaviours in a very personalised fashion. We will be able to answer questions such as when a particular student learns best and what impact exercising has on learning? - paulo.dantas paulo.dantas Sep 16, 2016 (- rneuron rneuron Sep 27, 2016)
  • Connected devices are allowing us to collect and process data in way never thought before; this, opens a new spectre of possibilities for making science in real time. The range of application for IoT technologies will broad as sensors evolve in more sophisticated forms. - fledezma fledezma Sep 22, 2016
  • The IoT ought to be helpful in scholarship for faculty. I doubt that all or even many are taking as much advantage of the big data that is already available to them. The IoT also makes it easier to not "reinvent the wheel" but I think that it discourages some from looking for the new "wheel". Helping scholars better tackle the IoT ought to be a goal for higher education leaders. (- rneuron rneuron Sep 27, 2016)
  • Connected campuses, buildings, way finding, belongingness, psychogeographical awareness - inform retention strategies, classroom activity and wellbeing - DaveP DaveP Oct 2, 2016
  • Gartner predicts that the number of connected devices in use worldwide will soar to 6.4 billion in 2016 — that breaks down to 5.5 million new things going live every day.
    Colleges and universities should take steps now to prepare for the impending barrage of connected devices and for the rise in IoT data. It is important to make this a purposeful use for learning. We have already seen many devices connect on the campus, however with IoT we can move from just being informed to learning from the data, becoming more efficient with resources and more strategic in decision making.
    See also: The Internet of Things: It’s Not Quite Here Yet, But It’s Definitely Coming - mayaig mayaig Oct 3, 2016

I think there are many ways in which we underestimate the effect this will have on how we do things and, by extension, what we should be teaching our students to do. We recently opened a mini-MakerSpace called the D-Lab, which is primarily 3D Printing and electronics (Raspberry Pi mainly - some Arduino). One of the revelations that has come out of this space is just how disruptive this technology can become. For instance, we just took at a video wall out of the West Houston Institute for budgetary reasons. We were looking at $173,000 in costs for a 16-screen system. Most of that wasn't the screens. We built a prototype video wall in the D-Lab out of surplus monitors and Raspberry Pi's for less than $500. This could be scaled up for basically the cost of 16 50" TVs (about $8000-15,000) plus 16 Raspberry Pi's. We're basically looking at a sub-$20,000 project to replace a $173,000 AND we can put a sign under it saying "Made by HCC Students." This is just one example where I am seeing fully customizable technology replacing very expensive off-the-shelf solutions. We are using a $250 vinyl cutter to make signs that used to cost hundreds or even thousands of jobs - and that's pretty low-tech. If I had to pick a short-term set of technologies that will make a huge impact on what we're doing and teaching, this would be it. - tom.haymes tom.haymes Oct 26, 2016

(2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?

  • - MarwinBritto MarwinBritto Aug 9, 2016Two related but different concepts are the Semantic Web and Linked Data.
  • The potential linking of IOT data with other research databases- deone.zell deone.zell Sep 4, 2016
  • Facilities utilization is a problem at many institutions. In some places facilities are under-utilized and in some cases over-utilized. Each condition can be more easily monitored and addressed through IoT usage. - doug.hearrington doug.hearrington Oct 2, 2016
  • We should consider combining this topic with Open Hardware and Localization sections. - tom.haymes tom.haymes Oct 28, 2016

(3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on higher education?

  • Will help reveal variables that are conducive to learning- deone.zell deone.zell Sep 4, 2016
  • smart campuses with lower emissions, better property utilization, increased self-service to learners and staff, and convenient services linked to people's mobile devices. - david.c.gibson david.c.gibson Sep 11, 2016Wahoo! (- rneuron rneuron Sep 27, 2016)
  • The ability to predict learners' behaviour based on their consumption of physical media and daily activities - paulo.dantas paulo.dantas Sep 16, 2016
  • I think the ease with which this technology is customized offers vast opportunities to create innovate and flexible solutions to common issues that we face. We need to develop more effective programs teach basic coding and solutions design to our students. - tom.haymes tom.haymes Oct 26, 2016

(4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?

  • Educause just came out with an article on this topic: https://er.educause.edu/articles/2016/8/iot-and-the-campus-of-things
  • Curtin University is working with CISCO and hosts one of the handful of global nodes of the Internet of Everything. An Institute for Computation uses the IoE laboratory to solve industry problems and is working on a variety of 'smart campus' concepts including a self-driving bus that will soon be launched. - david.c.gibson david.c.gibson Sep 11, 2016
  • LINNEA, the Learning Innovation Laboratory at the University of Chihuahua works on the development of a prototype that, using RFID sticker tags attached to surrounding devices, can "tell" (via an app) you how big your energy consumption (in relative terms) is at any given moment and as an aggregated total. In the future, equipment manufacturers could be enforced to include Bluetooth LE tags to constantly stream this and other kind of data. - fledezma fledezma Sep 22, 2016
  • There are several good examples of existing IoT integration into academic programs identified in an article in Campus Technology. These include sensors used in preparing students to work in physical therapy, applications in agriculture and environmental science programs,and even physical education. The article is an interview with Tennessee Board of Regents Vice Chancellor Robbie Melton. From IoT to IoE: More Ways for Institutions to Connect to Everything - Lawrence.Miller Lawrence.Miller Sep 27, 2016
  • - francisca francisca Oct 2, 2016IBM Internet of things: __http://www.ibm.com/internet-of-things/__
  • - francisca francisca Oct 2, 2016This site provides some recipes to delve into IoT development. Great to get inspired. Watson Internet of Things: __https://developer.ibm.com/recipes/__
  • - francisca francisca Oct 2, 2016Cisco's efforts on connectivity and use of the term Internet of Everything: __http://ioeassessment.cisco.com/__
  • I think this topic needs to be explicitly linked with Making and Design Thinking. We have a wide range of associated programs starting up in the next year at the West Houston Institute. West Houston Institute - tom.haymes tom.haymes Oct 28, 2016

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